بررسی فرونشست زمین ناشی از تغییرات سطح ایستابی آب زیرزمینی با استفاده از روش تداخل سنجی تفاضلی راداری: مطالعه موردی استان قزوین

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا، دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد تمام دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه تهران

3 پژوهشکده حفاظت خاک و آبخیزداری

4 سازمان زمین شناسی و اکتشافات معدنی کشور

چکیده

 
برداشت بیش از حد از سفره‏های آب زیرزمینی در کشور سبب افت شدید سطح ­ایستابی آبخوان و از بین رفتن لایه­های آبدار زمین گردیده است که از آثار آن پدیده فرونشست می­باشد. دقیق­ترین راه برای آسیب­شناسی پدیده فرونشست، عملیات صحرائی است که بسیار پرهزینه و زمان بر است. از این رو امروزه از روش جدید داده­های سنجش از دور استفاده می­شود که ابزاری قدرتمند، ارزان و با دقت مناسب جهت سنجش بزرگ مقیاس و سریع فرونشست می­باشد. هدف از این پژوهش، اندازه­گیری میزان فرونشست استان قزوین با استفاده از روش تداخل­سنجی تفاضلی راداری و سنجش اثرات تخلیه آب­زیرزمینی و لایه‏بندی خاک بر این پدیده است. جهت ارزیابی بلندمدت فرونشست از  ترکیب داده­های ماهواره­های Envisat،  Alos Palsarو Sentinel از سال­های 2003 تا 2017 استفاده شده است. تغییرات تراز سطح­ ایستابی آبخوان قزوین نیز با استفاده از داده­های 180 چاه مشاهده‌ای مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. در این پژوهش میانگین سالانه فرونشست سال­های 2003 تا 2017 در محدوده آبخوان قزوین 9/39 میلیمتر و در استان قزوین این مقدار کمتر و حدود 33 میلیمتر بوده است. با مشاهده محدوده فرونشست در سطح استان قزوین دیده شد بیشترین فرونشست­ها در محدوده آبخوان رخ داده است و در آنجا ضخامت لایه­ ریزدانه بیشتر بوده است. همچنین بیشینه فرونشست مربوط به شمال بویین زهرا و مرز تاکستان می­باشد که بیشترین تخلیه آب ­زیرزمینی و سطح زیر کشت را دارا هستند. در نهایت نتایج این پژوهش همبستگی بین افت سطح ایستابی و ضخامت لایه ریزدانه با وقوع پدیده فرونشست در استان قزوین را نشان داده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Land Subsidence Assessment due to Groundwater Exploration by using Differential Radar Interferometry Technique, Case Study: Qazvin province

نویسندگان [English]

  • mahdieh janbaz fotamy 1
  • majid Kholghi 2
  • Abdolnabi Abdeh Kolahchi 3
  • MahAsa Roostaei 4
1 PhD student, University of Tehran
2 Full perofessor/ Irrigation & Reclamation Engrg. Dept
3 Soil Conservation and Watershed Management Research Institute (SCWMRI)
4 Geological Survey of Iran (G.S.I)
چکیده [English]

Excessive harvesting of groundwater has caused a decrease in the water table, and as a consequence increasing in the phenomenon of the land-subsidence. Although, field inspection is the most accurate way to measure land subsidence and water table variation, it is less attractive due to the costs and being time consuming. Instead, the low cost and accurate remote sensing techniques are implemented for the large scale land subsidence measurement. The purpose of this study is to quantify the land subsidence in Qazvin province by using synthetic aperture radar interferometry and evaluating the effect of the groundwater depletion and soil profile on this phenomenon. For a long time land-subsidence evaluation, the combination of the outcomes of Envisat, Alos palsar-1, and Sentinel-1 satellite data between 2003 to 2017 are employed. Water table variation of Qazvin’s aquifer was studied using 180 data points of the pizometric wells. Annually averaged land-subsidence in this years was obtained as 39.9 mm/year for aquifer zone and this value was 33 mm/year for Qazvin province. According to the land-subsidence zone in Qazvin province it was revealed that most of the land-subsidence occur in the region of the aquifer whose fine-grained layer thickness would be larger than other areas. The maximum of Land subsidence was obtained at the northern parts of Buin-Zahra and near the Takestan borderline. This area has the highest cultivated area and groundwater depletion. The results of this study showed a strong correlation between the groundwater water table variations and land subsidence values in Qazvin province.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Land subsidence
  • Differential Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar
  • groundwater exploration
  • fine-grained layer thickness
  • Qazvin province
Akbari Arimi H, Momeni A, Khorasani E (2019) Assessment of land subsidence of the Semnan plain due to groundwater extraction. New Findings in Applied Geology 13(26):98-110
Alipour S, Motgah M, Sharifi M A, Walter T R (2008) InSAR time series investigation of land subsidence due to groundwater overexploitation in Tehran, Iran. Second Workshop on Use of Remote Sensing Techniques for Monitoring Volcanoes and Seismogenic Areas (1)1–5, https://doi.org/10.1109/USEREST.2008.4740370
Amighpey M, Arabi S, Talebi A (2010) Studying Yazd subsidence using InSAR and precise leveling. Geosciences Journal 20(77):157-164 (In Persian)
Angorani S, Shaiat Panahi M, Memaian H, Bolourchi M J (2015) Dynamic modeling of Land Subsidence in Tehran Plain. Geosciences 25(97):211-220 (In Persian)
Ashrafianfar N, Busch W, Dehghani M, Haghighatmehr P (2010) Differential SAR interferometric technique for land subsidence monitoring due to ground water exploitation in the Hasthgerd. Proc. ‘Fringe 2009 Workshop’, Frascati, Italy, 30 November- 4 December 2009, ESA SP-677, March 2010
Babaee S, Mousavi Z, Mousavi Z, Hojati Malekshah A,  Roostaei M,  Aflaki M (2020) Land subsidence from interferometric SAR and groundwater patterns in the Qazvin plain, Iran. Journal International Journal of Remote Sensing 41(12):4780-4798
Calderhead A I, Martel R, Alasset P J, Rivera A, Garfias J (2010) Land subsidence induced by groundwater pumping, monitored by D-InSAR and field data in the Toluca Valley, Mexico. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 36(1):9–23, https://doi.org/10.5589/m10-024
Calderhead A I, Therrien R, Rivera A, Martel R, Garfias J (2011) Simulating pumping-induced regional land subsidence with the use of InSAR and field data in the Toluca Valley, Mexico. Advanced in Water Resources 34:83- 97, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. advwatres.2010.09.017
Chatterjee R S, Shailaja Thapa K B, Singh G, Varunakumar E, Raju V R (2015) Detecting, mapping and monitoring of land subsidence in Jharia Coalfield, Jharkhand, India by spaceborne differential interferometric SAR, GPS and precision levelling techniques. Journal of Earth System Science 124(6):1359-1376
Dehghani M (2014) An enhanced algorithm based on radar interferometry for monitoring land subsidence caused by over-exploitation of groundwater. Journal of Geospatial Information Technology 2(2):62-73
Ferretti A, Savio G, Barzaghi R, Borghi A, Musazzi S, Novali F, Prati C, Rocca F (2007)  Sub millimeter accuracy of InSAR time series: Experimental validation. Geoscience and Remote Sensing IEEE Transactions 45:1142-1153, http://ieeexplore.ieee. org/abstract/document/4156314
Gong W (2014) Long-term monitoring of geodynamic surface deformation using SAR interferometry. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004
Gsi.ir
Guoqing Y, Jingqin M (2008) D-InSAR technique for land subsidence monitoring. Earth Science Frontiers 15(4):239-243
Haghighatmehr P, Valadanxouj M J, Tajik R, Jabari S, Sahebi M R, Eslami R, Ganjian M, Dehghani M (2012) Time series analysis of Hasjtgerd subsidence using radar interferometry and global positioning system. Geosciences Journal 22(85):105-114 (In Persian)
Hajeb Z, mousavi Z, masoumi Z, Rezaei A (2019) InSAR time series analysis of interseismic deformation of Eastern part of Iran. Geosciences Journal 29(114):251-258 (In Persian)
Hooper A J (2007) Persistent scatter radar interferometry for crustal deformation studies and modeling of volcanic deformation. Journal of Geophysical Research 112:1-21
Hu B, Wang H S, Sun Y L, Hou J G, Liang J (2014) Long-term land subsidence monitoring of Beijing (China) using the Small Baseline Subset (SBAS) technique. Remote Sensing 6:3648-3661
Koohbanani H, RYazdani  M R, Hosseini  S K (2019) Mapping land subsidence hazard through InSAR (Case study: Kashmar and Khalil Abad plain). Desert Management 13:65-76 (In Persian)
Lashkaripour G R, Ghafoori M, Rostami Barani H R (2009) An investigation on the mechanism of earth-fissures and land subsidence in the western part of Kashmar Plain. Geological Studies 1(1):95-111 (In Persian)
Manafi Azar A, Khamehchiyan M, Nadiri A (2019) Comparison of vulnerability of the southwest Tehran plain aquifer with simple weighting model (ALPRIFT Model) and Genetic Algorithm (GA). Kharazmi Journal of Earth Sciences 4(2):199-212 (In Persian)
Massonnet D, Feigl K (1998) Radar interferometry and its application to changes in the earths surface. Reviews of Geophysics 36(4):441-500
Mirhashemi S H, Haghighat jou P, Mirzaei F, Panahi M (2018) The mining association rules for water table fluctuations analysis of Ghazvin city by Apriori algorithm. Irrigation and Water Engineering 8(31):140-151 (In Persian)
Maghsoudi Y, Amani R, Ahmadi A (2019) A study of land subsidence in west of Tehran using Sentinel-1 images and permanent scatterers interferometry. Iran-Water Resources Research 15(1):299-313 (In Persian)
Mohammad Khan Sh, Ganjian H, Garoosi L, Zangeneh tabar Z (2020) Evaluation of the effect of the groundwater decline on land subsidence using Sentinel-1 radar images, C Study area: Qorveh plain. Data Geographical of Quarterly Research- Scientific 112(28):220-229 (In Persian)
Naderi K, Nadiry A, Asgary Moghadam A, Kord M (2018) A new method for assessing and displaying areas at risk of subsidence. EcoHydriology 5(1):85-93.(In Persian)
Rott H, Nagler T (2006) The contribution of radar interferometry to the assessment of landslide hazards. Advances in Space Research 37(4):710- 719
Safari A, Jafari F, Tavakoly Sabor S M (2015) Land subsidence monitoring and its relationship with groundwater depletion: A case study Karaj-Shahriyar plain. Geomorphology Journal 5(2):82-93 (In Persian)
Shemshaki A, Mohammadi Y, Bolorchi M J (2008) Identification of confined aquifer zone and its role on land subsidence formation in Hashtgerd plain. Geoscience  20(79): 137-142  (In Persian)
Soodmand Afshar R, Ahmadi S (2020) Monitoring of land subsidence due to overexploitation of groundwater using PS-InSAR in the region in hamadan proviance, Iran. Journal of Geospatial Information Technology 8(1):79-99 (In Persian)
Strozzi T, Wegmuller U, Tosi L, Bitelli G, Spreckels V (2001) Land subsidence monitoring with differential SAR interferometry. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing 67(11):1261-1270
GroundWater Report (2010) Studies the water resources balance in the salt lake catchment. Region of water Company of Tehran, Volume 3 (In Persian)
Tony W, Martin G C, and Fred G B (2005) Sinkhole and subsidence. Springer and Praxis Publishing pp 383.
Usgs.com