عنوان مقاله [English]
The aim of this study is to review the effect of excessive withdrawals and recent droughts on groundwater reservoirs of Saveh Plain. The 7 stations were selected between the monthly rainfall data in Saveh plain. In this research, at the time scales of 3, 6, 9 and 12 months for indices CZI, ZSI, MCZI, SPI, the droughts were considered using DIP software. The drop amount of the groundwater level in Saveh aquifer during 22 years (1992-2014) has been approximately 31/86 meters. Statistic of wells during two 10-year periods (1991-2001 and 2001-2011) was taken into account. With two 5-year period, we can conclude that in 1991-1996 years the upper regressed charts and the process is very slow first drop in five years but in the second 5 years has been a steep slope times and in the 2001 to 2011 with the same or slightly steeper slope continues because wells are unauthorized and uncontrolled exploitation. In a review of quality groundwater was used AqQa software that Piper diagram indicates calcic facies is in the study area, and Durov diagram shows a sudden increase in total dissolved solids and close to bicarbonate type that can be due to the formation concerned or leakage from a probable underlying semi-confined aquifer or mixing with another source which requires further reviews.