نوع مقاله : ویژه نامه دریاچه ارومیه
1 گروه مهندسی آب، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری
2 گروه مهندسی آب، دانشکده مهندسی زراعی، دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری، ایران
3 مدیر پروژه و رئیس هیئت مدیره شرکت مهندسین مشاور دانشوران عمران-آب
عنوان مقاله [English]
The main objective of this study is to quantitatively and qualitatively assess the poverty of groundwater resources based on two innovative, effective and data-mining mathematical-analytical methods, considering the six factors of capacity, environment, infrastructure and access, water resources, management and climate (57 variables) (2011-2019) in the West Azerbaijan province. The value of comprehensive water poverty index was obtained 53.03 and 53.67 in two effective and data-mining mathematical-analytical models, respectively. The results show that in the mentioned models the factors of water resources, management and climate cause relative unsustainability in groundwater resources systems. Based on the results, the comprehensive water poverty index has increased from 2012 to 2018, while the value of this index has reached a relatively stable status after the implementation of plans and projects related to groundwater resources management. The years 2011, 2013, and 2017 are the milestones for the change of the status of the comprehensive water poverty index from very low to low, low to medium, and medium to high, respectively. Considering the climate factor with extreme climatology phenomena in measuring the comprehensive water poverty can play a key role in decision making and formulating management plans. Finally, the investigation of the effect of three practical projects, including: 1-Groundwater reclamation and balancing plan, 2-Equipping wells with smart measuring tools plan, and 3-Culture and information project, on the level of the water poverty index, showed that the mentioned projects in some cases require management reforms that should be taken into consideration by managers and policy makers.