عنوان مقاله [English]
hydraulic models are the primary tools used to plan and develop structural and non-structural
flood mitigation and management solutions. The goal of such tools is to simulate probable inundation damage on a given area depending on several flood scenarios with different intensity, duration and return period. Raster-based models have recently gained credence in the modelling of floodplain inundation and flood hydraulics. In this paper, 2D hydraulic model, LISFLOOD-FP, is applied to a 7 km reach of the river Chehlchay in Golestan province to predict floods extent with different return periods. The model is calibrated, for a flood event using floodplain and channel friction parameters, against observed inundation extent as determined from satellite image (in Google Earth). The friction parameters are found through a calibration procedure, where a measure of fit between predicted and observed is maximized. Model validation was performed using a distinct flood event. The measure of fit was obtained in the calibration and validation process 71% and 78%, respectively. Finally, calibrated model was used to predict floods with different return periods.